The entire aspects of a person's life could be negatively influenced by alcohol and drug addiction, including their friends and family, the society, and become a huge problem for the government of America.
The link between the trio or drugs, alcohol and criminal activities is the major area where the risk of drug and alcohol abuse is pertinent.
In an estimate, 80% of crimes leading to imprisonment in the UK ranging from domestic violence, drug offences, property crimes, public-order crimes and being intoxicated while driving, the implication of alcohol and drugs in most cases has been observed.
The population of people behind bars in our country has multiplied, and majority of them were convicted because of the abuse of substances.
37 percent of nearly two million convicts who are in jail say that they were consuming alcohol when they were arrested, as reported by the Ministry of Justice, and 40 percent of the law violations committed today, alcohol played a part in it.
The link between alcohol and criminal activities like rape, spousal and child abuse, assault, and murder is more prevalent than that of any illegal drug. The victims of many violent crimes have stated that the offenders seemed to have been drunk and many violent crimes have been seen to occur when the offender or the victim or both were recently drinking according to statistics on violent offences and alcohol. The law breaker was probably consuming alcohol than any other illicit substance in case that involve violence, apart from robberies.
Cases of aggressions where the aggressors and their victims are familiar with each other are mostly caused by alcohol. Compared to cases where people were attacked by strangers, there were more incidents involving alcohol in cases where the victim was attacked by someone they knew such as a partner. On top of the 118,000 commotions that happen between family members and the 744,000 other commotions between acquaintances, about 500,000 commotions among fellow prisoners involve someone who has been consuming alcohol as well.
There are some complications when it comes to the connection between crime and drug use, with the poser being whether people that use drugs are already disposed towards crimes or whether it is drug consumption that makes them commit crimes.
In many cases criminals abstain from illegal drugs, while at times, illegal drug users commit no other form of crime. Meanwhile, the relationship between crime and chronic drug use is high and direct, and constant use of drugs can trigger other innate criminal tendencies.
When it comes to illicit substances, there are usually three kinds of drug-related law violations:
Most drug crime cases including robbery, shop lifting, and unlawful dealing in questionable goods in the market involve persons hooked on drugs forfeiting arrest to make quick money to buy drugs in order to get high. For instance, when it came to committing law violations in order to fund their drug habit, in 2004, 17 percent of inmates in prisons said they were currently incarcerated for such crimes. When it comes to boys and girls or women and men, where many of them are recognised by the criminal justice system, strong connections have been established between being exploited for or involved in prostitution and substance abuse. Evidence is available that the use of drugs was both a pre-determining factor within the sexual exploitation and as a means to cope with it.
In the UK, drunk driving is the third most common crime with more than one million people arrested every year. Drunk driving is considered as the number one cause of bodily harm, physical challenge and death among young people underneath 21 years of age and accounts for 40% of traffic offenses committed. 36 people die daily and nearly 700 sustain injuries, multiple fractures resulting from motor vehicle accidents involving drunk drivers. 18% of motor vehicle drunk driving deaths are attributed to drugs such as marijuana and cocaine, in some cases drug and alcohol mixed.
During 2007 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, drug testing, one out of eight weekend night time drivers tested positive to hard drugs. A study conducted during 2010 evaluation revealed one in eight high school senior students had experienced with marijuana smoking, two weeks leading to this survey interview.
Pain killers' prescription drugs used to relieve worry and correct lack of sleep have instructions prohibiting users from manning such machinery, which includes, driving heavy motor vehicles during specific doctor's direction duration of using the drug. Fatal driving and other dangerous behavior are usually the consequence of not following doctor's prescription or mishandled medication without medicinal supervision.
Four out of five young people arrested for petty offenses committed such crimes under the influence of alcohol or drugs, the positive drug test results indicated in addition to admission of the offender as having abused drug, drinking alcohol or a combination the two prior to committing the offense and subsequent arrest.
Of 2.4 million total juvenile arrests, 1.9 million had substance abuse or addiction involvement but only 68,600 of these received treatment for their substance abuse problem.
When it comes to domestic violence involving spouses, three out of four occurrences allegedly included a guilty party who had been utilizing liquor.
1999 study on women attacked by partners showed huge increase of reported cases associated to substance abuse and health related issues to be the origin of the violence. 33% of women coping with physical violence reported drug and alcohol problems, as opposed to just 16% of those who did not experience violence.
Domestic violence can also affect other members of the family. A review in the UK found that youngsters who saw manhandle of their maternal figure were 50 % more inclined to mishandle drugs and/or liquor.
For victims of domestic violence, 55% of the cases involved alcohol while only 9% involved drugs; for spousal violence, alcohol was involved 65% of the time while only 5% for drugs.
We cannot point out a particular factor that causes abuse and no particular profile of abusers, but many other elements play part in causing an abuse. Contemporary success image, alcohol and drug abuse, and society status quo put a great deal of pressure on the family which causes increased stressful negative impact on parents and children. Nearly 4 in 10 victimisers confirmed that they had been drinking during the time of the incident.
Half of the inmates depend on substances and meet drug abuse standard yardstick however, only 20 of the number in need of help benefit from the treatment.
For a lot of people in the criminal justice system, it is impossible to prevent future crimes and re-entry into the system after discharge without treatment addiction. After release from prison, about 95% of former inmates go back to using drugs and alcohol and 60 - 80 % of these abusers commit a new crime, usually drug related.
Treatment and recovery from addiction breaks the vicious cycle of criminal offense resulting from drug and alcohol abuse. Medial care has been shown to be effective by research -- this proves that remaining free from alcohol and drugs is possible for individuals, especially since many have managed to do so before. Research has also demonstrated that criminal behavior declines as substance abuse does. People should be able to get help when they need it, even in jail or prison.
Treatment cuts cost down. One research which was conducted earlier revealed that for every dollar spent for the treatment for substance abuse lead to savings of about '5.60 because of fewer arrests, incarcerations, food stamp use, fewer child welfare and medical costs. This indicates that illicit substance avoidance tactics and medical care will reduce government spending, since law breaking behaviour is reduced when substance abuse is reduced as well.