In the UK, over 200 people were killed in 2013 after accidents that involved someone who was over the legal limit for drinking and driving. The number of deaths was around 240. In the past 35 years, the number of people who've died due to accidents involving drinking and driving has gone down but the current numbers are still quite high.
Between 1979 and 2012, the number of fatal injuries and deaths due to drunk driving has fallen by more than 75%.
Within England and Wales, drivers are not allowed to exceed the limit of 80 mg of alcohol for every 100 mL of blood 35 microgrammes for 100 mL of breath and 107 mg for every 100 mL of urine.
In other European nations, the limit has been set at 50 mg for every 100 mL of blood.
Scotland is has different drinking limits for the drunk drivers, in comparison to the rest of UK. 50mg of alcohol per 100mm of blood is what the limit went down to in December of 2014. The breath alcohol equivalent was also reduced to 22 microgrammes of alcohol for 100 mL of breath.
The reason of the lowering of the limit according to the government in Scotland was to make the country's roads safer and to align themselves with other countries in Europe.
Drinking and still remaining below the limit has no perfect way of measuring it. The quantity of alcohol which you would need to consume in order to be considered as over the driving limit will vary from one person to another.
Following factors are needed to identify the drinking limit;
The best thing to do while driving is to avoid drinking, because you never know what causes the accident, so better safe than sorry.
When we consume alcoholic beverages, most of the motor operations of the body we rely on to operate the vehicle safely are compromised.
Your capabilities to see without any problems when operating a vehicle can also be compromised because you can get double and fuzzy vision. You are potentially likely to get involved in taking dangerous risks because you are encouraged to act on urges which you would normally repress.
Even a small quantity of alcohol will affect your ability to drive, and it would be safer if you avoided any alcohol if you are going to drive.
Police will pull you over and conduct a test on your breath when they suspect that you may be operating a vehicle with blood alcohol levels that exceed the limit. In order to achieve this objective the police will be using a breathalyser.
A second breath test is carried out at the police station in case you don't pass the first test or if the police believe that the drinking has affected your ability to drive. An advanced breathalyser will be used at their station, where up to two breath specimens of yours will be collected.
To determine whether you are driving above the limit, the breath specimen that reads lower will be used.
You can choose to switch to a blood or urine test (police decide the exact one) if the sample you provide for the breath test is up to 40 percent over the limit. You will be charged with a crime if you're found to be over the drink driving limit.
You will be tested out for various reasons using breathalyser, like if you have violated the traffic rules or you have almost been caught in an accident.
Check points where drivers are screened for drink driving are usually set up around the major holidays and the police can stop whichever vehicle they choose to stop.
People who are apprehended for being over the legal alcohol limit, and driving will be prohibited from driving for at least 12 months and can also face financial penalties to the extent of '5000. About 3 to 11 penalty driving points may also be slammed on you. Police can also send you to the jail for more than six months. The severity of the offence is what determines the jail time, the length of the ban, how much you should pay, and penalty points. If you are stopped for drink driving more than once during a 10-year period, you are likely to be banned from driving for at least three years.