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Indications

The Signs And Symptoms Of Addiction

While the signs are noticed by the doctor and people around the addict, the symptoms are known to the addict alone. Example is the case of dilated pupils being a sign while constant sleepiness is a symptom.

Drug addiction - when an individual is dependent on a substance, like a drug, nicotine or alcohol, he/she is unable to manage his/her use of that substance. Even if the substance poses a danger, they will still take it whether or not they know the dangers.


Drug addiction can lead to strong cravings. Addicts may desire to quit (give up), however experiences it very hard to do without assistance.


The signs and symptoms of substance reliance change as indicated by the individual, the substance they are dependent on, their family history (hereditary qualities) and individual conditions.

Signs and symptoms of substance enslavement may include:

  • The patient is unable to stop taking the said drug, for addiction to cigarettes, alcohol or a drug; they will have tried to stop on their own at some point and failed.
  • Withdrawal symptoms - the mood and physical state of the person is affected when the level of such substance in the body of that person is altered. Some of these symptoms include cravings, moodiness, lack of focus, depression, frustration, anger, or resentment.
  • The person may also develop a voracious appetite. Sleeplessness is a typical symptom of withdrawal. Some patients will have troubled bowel movements or running stomachs. Depending on the drug, some will cause the person to be aggression, shivering, convulsions, delusions and perspirations.
  • Though the addicts witness these health issues, they continue to abuse those substances - even when they start suffering ailments as a result. To give an example, someone who smokes might continue to smoke even after a heart/lung issue has developed.
  • Recreational and/or social sacrifices - certain activities are relinquished because of a dependency to some substance. Example is a smoker turning down a meeting with friends in an environment that is smoke free or an alcohol addict refusing to attend a profitable social gathering that does not involve alcohol.
  • Keeping a good reserve - addicts will at all times ensure that they have a good reserve of the substance, even when they do not have a lot of cash. They may ensure that this substance is made available by dipping into the budget of the entire home.
  • Taking risks (1) - in certain instances the addicted person might undertake risks to ensure he/she can get his/her substance, like stealing or exchanging sex for drugs/cash.
  • Taking risks (2) - whilst under the influence of certain drugs, addicts might participate in high-risk activities, like driving at high speeds.
  • Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
  • Pre-occupation - A user exhausts himself and his time working out ways of obtaining the drug and figuring out how to use it.
  • Secrecy and solitude - the addict may resort to enjoying these substances in solitude in most cases.
  • Denial - most people suffering from addiction refuse to admit it. These addicts do not know (or deny to admit) that they in fact have an issue.
  • Abundance utilisation - in a few addictions, for example, liquor, a few medications and even nicotine, the individual expends it to overabundance. The result can be shutdowns (can't recall hunks of time) or physical manifestations, for example, a sore throat and awful cough (irresistible chain-smokers).
  • Dropping diversions and exercises - as the compulsion advances the individual may quit doing things he/she used to appreciate a considerable measure. This might even be the situation with a smoker who finds he/she can't physically deal with participating in his/her best-loved sport.
  • Having stashes - hiding some portions of the abused substance in the car or some place in the house may become the case for some persons.
  • Taking a large initial dose - this is usually a problem with alcohol addiction. The person my down drinks in an attempt to become intoxicated and then feel great.
  • Having issues with the law - this is progressively a normal for some drug and liquor addictions (not nicotine, for instance). The fact that this alters their judgment and makes them to choose things they would rather not choose in times of sobriety or the urge to access such substances may be the cause of this.
  • Financial issues - when the substance is not cheap, the addict might give up a lot to ensure his/her supply is stable. In some countries, even cigarettes are very expensive, like in the UK, UK, and parts of Europe where someone who smokes two packs a day will spend '660 per month, nearly '8,000 per year.
  • Strained relationships - such are seen more in cases where drugs or alcohol are the substance in use.

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Certain alcohol or substance abusers who aren't technically addicted might also be affected by or cause a few of the above-mentioned descriptions, though these abusers don't generally experience the withdrawal symptoms of addicts or the exact same obsession to use the substance.