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Medication For Addiction Treatment

How Medications Help Addiction Treatment


To reduce the possibility of relapsing and to ease withdrawal symptoms, the use of other drugs during the treatment process has become quite common. Using additional medication can help the patient stay sober. When the withdrawal side effects are too much then sometimes users surrender and stop taking medications and relapse. A patient can be put on these medications for the relief of withdrawal symptoms either as an in or out patient. To give the patient the best chance of recovering, a doctor may adjust the dosage of the medication gradually during the treatment.


Some medicines give the same feeling as the drug of abuse thus helping one cope with the withdrawal.


Drug Withdrawal And Detoxing

At the start of the program, the body goes through a process to remove the drugs from the system. This process is known as detox or cleansing Based on the drug, the detoxification process can last from several days to several weeks.

The real challenge for the patient is coping with the terrible withdrawal symptoms. Depending on the patient's past drug or alcohol use the withdrawal symptoms will vary. The worst symptoms will be felt by those who have been taking high doses of the drug for a long duration.


During the detox process, the former drug addicts pass through many painful side effects. They may include:

  • Anxiousness
  • Hopelessness
  • Sickness or feeling sick
  • Fits
  • Muscle pain
  • Sweating

Each type of a withdrawal symptom has a different treatment medicine. The doctor might recommend a patient to take some of the following:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • They are suitable for treating stress and short temper.
  • Stress is mostly associated with withdrawal from drugs like Cocaine and Heroin
  • The soothing impact which controls liquor withdrawals is Benzos.
  • This drug is also addictive so is prescribed with caution.
  • Antidepressants
  • An addict's brain is usually accustomed to producing dopamine only in the presence of a drug.
  • Since they have depended on drugs to keep them satisfied for a long-term, people in detoxification frequently pass through depression.
  • Until the brain can produce happiness inducing chemicals the patient is given antidepressants during the rehab program.
  • Clonidine
  • Clonidine is prescribed to treat alcohol and drug withdrawals and it decreases sweating, muscle spasm, anxiety and muscle pains.
  • Clonidine save you from seizures and shivering.

The withdrawal symptoms from Benzodiazepines such as Valium or Xanax can be extremely dangerous and can result in death; one should never try to detox abruptly on their own. Withdrawal from other Opiates aren't constantly deadly, however difficult situations can still appear. Detoxifying under medical supervision makes sure things are done right and raises the chances of beating the addiction.

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Medicines For Alcohol Addiction

Making wrong use of alcohol on a normal basis for a long-term can extend withdrawal side effects, which could last from weeks to months. These symptoms that last a long time are also known as Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS).

Medications prescribed for PAWS are also active in stopping the urge to use and make the user unable to hold alcohol in their stomach. This type of medication is usually in the form of a tablet taken each day.


Such medications for treating alcohol dependency are:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • Naltrexone is a drug that blocks the brain receptors that produce the pleasurable effects of alcohol.
  • It stops the urge to take alcohol.
  • There are side effects of using Naltrexone including headaches and nausea.
  • It is also available as a single dose given once a month in the form of an injection.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • The physical and emotional distress caused by alcohol dependency can be eased using this drug.
  • Recovering alcoholics may begin taking Acamprosate once the detoxification is completed.
  • By hindering unhappy thoughts that cause stress and unhappiness, Acamprosate stops the users from wanting to take alcohol.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • Among the drugs approved for treating alcoholism Disulfiram was the first one.
  • Disulfiram can result into some side effects of vomiting and sickness if anyone takes Disulfiram drinks.
  • To avoid this sickness, the person who is taking Disulfiram must not consume drink.

Get further information about medical care for alcohol addiction.


Heroin And Drug Addiction Medicines

Morphine, Heroin and narcotic painkillers such as OxyContin are all opiates. The cravings and withdrawal symptoms of recovering from opiate addiction can be eased by some medications. These medicines are frequently given in capsules form on a daily routine.

Withdrawal from Opiate use can go on for only a week for some people. Long- term withdrawal symptoms can be experienced by some people. Cases of withdrawal symptoms that have lasted for months and even years have been recorded. To completely stop the urges to take drugs and the PAWS, it helps to be on replacement medicines for an extended period. Medications are usually prescribed to recovering addicts for as long as is necessary.

Opiate addiction is usually treated using medications such as:

  • Methadone
  • Prescriptions of Methadone are usually given to people suffering from moderate or severe addictions.
  • It works by fusing to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers, however Methadone does not get the addict high.
  • The urges to take drugs are contained, and withdrawal symptoms avoided.
  • Methadone is prescribed with attention since some patients have become addicted to it instead of Heroin and painkillers.
  • Methadone clinics manage the drug on daily routine to avoid abuse.
  • You can find out more about Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Buprenorphine works in the same way as Methadone, however it is little monitored since the addiction potential is inferior.
  • Instead of having to go for the drug every day at the clinic, the recovering users can go home with the drug.
  • Naltrexone
  • The effect of Naltrexone on opiate addiction is the same as its effect on alcohol addiction.
  • It helps to reduce cravings.
  • Since alcohol and opiates stimulate some of the same receptors in the brain, naltrexone can work for both addictions.

Centres For Medical Detox And Rehab

Many people have attempted to give up drug use on their own. Choosing detox on your own is not only difficult but also more hazardous than detoxing with physician. To gain sobriety with no added health issues or risk of relapsing, a medically supervised detox is the best and safest mode. Medical detoxification is necessary for people dependent on alcohol or Benzodiazepines.

It is wise to start the first step in addiction treatment with a medically supervised detox program.

Health problems can be dealt with quickly when in a rehab centre. Doctors and other medical staff are available to monitor the patient's vital signs. The doctors keep the patient comfortable. Doctors adjust the medication for long-term program and as per the need of patients.

Medical detox is for anyone facing health problems. Hypertension is a risk complication for patients going through detox, and the medical profession best handles it. Doctors can spot impending problems and treat them early.

Treatment centres offering inpatient treatment often include detox in the program. Inpatient rehab acquire 30-90 days in some cases. The primary week is of carefully monitored detoxification. Treatment in rehab centres also incorporates psychological counselling for an all round recovery.

Look for a rehab centre offering medically supervised detox for your friend, relative or yourself call 0800 246 1509.